The Mariana Trench is found in the Western Pacific. This has the shape of a crescent. This is also situated just in the east of the Islands of Mariana, just near in Guam. The region is basically surrounded with the trench which is somehow noteworthy because of the unique environments earned and owned. The said trench also goes with the deepest points known on the entire Earth. The vents are also bubbling up just the liquid sulfur. The same is also true with the carbon dioxide, and even active mud volcanoes. There are still various Mariana Trench facts to discover.
There is also the challenger deep. This is near that of the southern end. This is the Mariana Trench which is sometimes referred to as the Marianas Trench. This is considered to be the deepest spot in the whole ocean. There may be difficulty in here. Measuring from the surface is not the easiest so to speak. However, there is modern estimation made and it has been said that it may be around 1,000 feet.
The aforementioned is considered to be a protected land. This is known to be the Mariana Trench. This may be of 1,580 miles. This is how long the said can be. It can be more than five times. This is somehow in the length of the majestic Grand Canyon. The narrow trench may even be in the average of 43 miles. This can be of 69 km wide. Guam will always be considered a US territory; this is in 15 Northern Mariana Islands which are always in the US Commonwealth. This is the main reason why the United States comes with its jurisdiction which is over that of Mariana Trench.
President George W. Bush, in the year 2009 established the so called Mariana Trench Marine National Monument. This is created for a protected marine reserve. This comes with an approximate 195,000 square miles. This is just on the waters and seafloor that would most likely surround remote islands. This also seen in the Mariana Trench, which goes with 21 underwater volcanoes and even areas which are just around most three islands.
How was the trench formed anyway? It was a process which has been completed because of the subduction zone. It used to happen there. There were like two massive slabs, which are all for the oceanic crust collides. As for the subduction zone, there is a piece of the oceanic crust which is being pushed, and even pulled just underneath the other. This has sunk in the mantle of the Earth itself. There was also a layer under the crust here. The two pieces would somehow intersect. This is true for the deep trench forms. These were just above the bend of the sinking crust. There would always be a deep trench form and above it would be the sinking crust. The Pacific Ocean crust would be bending just below the crust of the Philippines too. There are instances when the pacific crust is referred to as the tectonic plate.